Several contributions of circulating microvesicles (MVs) to the endothelial dysfunction have been reported in the past; a head-to-head comparison of platelet- and monocyte-derived MVs has however never been performed. To this aim, we assessed the involvement of these MVs in vessel damage related processes, i.e., oxidative stress, inflammation, and leukocyte-endothelial adhesion. Platelets and monocytes isolated from healthy subjects (HS, n = 15) were stimulated with TRAP-6 and LPS to release MVs that were added to human vascular endothelial cell (hECV) culture to evaluate superoxide anion production, inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNFα, NF-κB mRNA expression), and hECV adhesiveness. The effects of the MVs-induced from HS were compared to those induced by MVs spontaneously released from cells of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, n = 7). MVs released by HS-activated cells triggered a threefold increase in oxidative burst in a concentration-dependent manner. Only MVs released from monocytes doubled IL-6, TNFα, and NF-κB mRNA expression and monocyte-endothelial adhesion. Interestingly, the effects of the MVs isolated from STEMI-monocytes were not superimposable to previous ones except for adhesion to hECV. Conversely, MVs released from STEMI-platelets sustained both redox state and inflammatory phenotype. These data provide evidence that MVs released from activated and/or pathologic platelets and monocytes differently affect endothelial behavior, highlighting platelet-MVs as causative factors of impaired endothelial function in the acute phase of STEMI.
Reference: Different Contribution of Monocyte- and Platelet-Derived Microvesicles to Endothelial Behavior. Brambilla M, Talmon M, Canzano P, Fresu LG, Brunelleschi S, Tremoli E, Camera M. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Apr 27;23(9):4811.