In cardiogenic shock various short-term mechanical assistances may be employed, including an Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenator and other non-dischargeable devices. Once hemodynamic stabilization is achieved and the patient evolves towards a persisting biventricular dysfunction or an underlying long-standing end-stage disease is present, aside from Orthotopic Heart Transplantation, a limited number of long-term therapeutic options may be offered. So far, only the Syncardia Total Artificial Heart and the Berlin Heart EXCOR (which is not approved for adult use in the United States unlike in Europe) are available for extensive implantation. In addition to this, the strategy providing two continuous-flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices is still off-label despite its widespread use. Nevertheless, every solution ensures at best a 70% survival rate (reflecting both the severity of the condition and the limits of mechanical support) with patients suffering from heavy complications and a poor quality of life. The aim of the present paper is to summarize the features, implantation techniques, and results of current devices used for adult Biventricular Mechanical Circulatory Support, as well as a glance to future options.
Reference: Current and future options for adult biventricular assistance: a review of literature.
Loardi CM, Zanobini M, Ricciardi G, Vermes E. Front Cardiovasc Med. 2023 Nov 6;10:1234516.