The availability of cells isolated from healthy and diseased tissues and organs represents a key element for personalized medicine approaches. Although biobanks can provide a wide collection of primary and immortalized cells for biomedical research, these do not cover all experimental needs, particularly those related to specific diseases or genotypes. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) are key components of the immune inflammatory reaction and, thus, play a central role in the pathogenesis of a variety of disorders. Notably, ECs from different sites display different biochemical and functional properties, making the availability of specific EC types (i.e., macrovascular, microvascular, arterial, and venous) essential for designing reliable experiments. Here, simple procedures to obtain high-yield, virtually pure human macrovascular and microvascular endothelial cells from the pulmonary artery and lung parenchyma are illustrated in detail. This methodology can be easily reproduced at a relatively low cost by any laboratory to achieve independence from commercial sources and obtain EC phenotypes/genotypes that are not yet available.
Reference: Microvascular and Macrovascular Endothelial Cell Isolation and Purification from Lung-Derived Samples.
Plebani R, D'Alessandro A, Lanuti P, Simeone P, Cinalli M, Righi I, Palleschi A, Mucci M, Marchisio M, Cappabianca F, Camera M, Mucilli F, Romano M. J Vis Exp. 2023 Feb 3;(192).