Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent in cardiac surgery patients. Its pathophysiology is complex and involves decreased renal perfusion. Preliminary clinical evidence in critically ill patients shows that amino acids infusion increases renal blood flow and may decrease the incidence and severity of AKI. We designed a study to evaluate the effectiveness of perioperative continuous infusion of amino acids in decreasing AKI.
Reference: Intravenous amino acid therapy for kidney protection in cardiac surgery a protocol for a multi-Centre randomized blinded placebo controlled clinical trial. The PROTECTION trial. Landoni G, Brambillasca C, Redaelli MB, Bradić N, Ti LK, Povšić-Čevra Z, Nepomniashchikh VA, Zoccai GB, D'Ascenzo F, Romagnoli E, Scandroglio AM, Ballotta A, Rondello N, Franco A, Massaro C, Viscido C, Calabrò MG, Garofalo E, Canichella F, Monaco F, Severi L, Pisano A, Barucco G, Venditto M, Federici F, Licheri M, Paternoster G, Trompeo A, Belletti A, Mantovani LF, Perone R, Dalessandro G, Kroeller D, Haxhiademi D, Galbiati C, Tripodi VF, Giardina G, Lembo R, Nakhnoukh C, Guarracino F, Longhini F, Bove T, Zangrillo A, Bellomo R, Fominskiy E. Contemp Clin Trials. 2022 Aug 26:106898.