Inflammation is a component of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a possible inflammation metric for the detection of ASCVD risk, although results of prospective studies are highly inconsistent on this topic. We investigated the cross-sectional relationship between NLR and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in subjects at moderate-to-high ASCVD risk. The prospective association between NLR, cIMT progression, and incident vascular events (VEs) was also explored.
Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is not related to carotid atherosclerosis progression and cardiovascular events in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: Results from the IMPROVE study. Mannarino MR, Bianconi V, Gigante B, Strawbridge RJ, Savonen K, Kurl S, Giral P, Smit A, Eriksson P, Tremoli E, Veglia F, Baldassarre D, Pirro M; IMPROVE study group. Biofactors. 2021 Nov 11. doi: 10.1002/biof.1801