Heart failure (HF) is associated with considerable symptom burden and impairment in physical functioning and quality of life. The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor empagliflozin reduced the risk of HF hospitalisation and cardiovascular death in patients with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, and could potentially improve congestion symptoms and exercise capacity in patients with HF. We describe the designs of the EMPERIAL-Preserved and EMPERIAL-Reduced trials of empagliflozin in patients with chronic stable HF, with or without type 2 diabetes.
Abraham WT, Ponikowski P, Brueckmann M, Zeller C, Macesic H, Peil B, Brun M, Ustyugova A, Jamal W, Salsali A, Lindenfeld J, Anker SD; EMPERIAL Investigators and National Coordinators. Agostoni P among collaborators. Rationale and design of the EMPERIAL-Preserved and EMPERIAL-Reduced trials of empagliflozin in patients with chronic heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2019 Jun 19. doi: 10.1002/ejhf.1486