For decades, cardiologists have largely underestimated the role of the right heart in heart failure due to left heart disease. Nowadays, the importance of evaluating right ventricular (RV) structure and function in left heart failure is well documented and this concept has been emphasized in the most recent heart failure guidelines. However, several relevant questions remain unanswered such as the following: (a) which imaging technique (standard or 3D echocardiography or strain imaging or cardiac magnetic resonance) and, more, which parameters should be used to grade the severity of RV dysfunction? (b) do less widespread and less applied diagnostic tools such as cardiopulmonary stress testing and bioelectrical impedance analysis play a role in this field? (c) are there specific biochemical aspects of RV failure? (d) why notion of pathophysiology of heart and lung interaction are so well appreciated at an academic level but are not applied in the clinical setting? The present review has been prepared by the Heart Failure (HF) working group of the Italian Society of Cardiology and its main objective is to improve our understanding on RV dysfunction in heart failure.
Reference: Right heart failure in left heart disease: imaging, functional, and biochemical aspects of right ventricular dysfunction. Ghio S, Acquaro M, Agostoni P, Ambrosio G, Carluccio E, Castiglione V, Colombo D, D'Alto M, Delle Grottaglie S, Dini FL, Emdin M, Fortunato M, Guaricci AI, Jacoangeli F, Marra AM, Paolillo S, Papa S, Scajola LV, Correale M, Palazzuoli A.
Heart Fail Rev. 2022 Nov 16.