The diagnosis of acute myocarditis often involves several noninvasive techniques that can provide information regarding volumes, ejection fraction, and tissue characterization. In particular, echocardiography is extremely helpful for the evaluation of biventricular volumes, strain and ejection fraction. Cardiac magnetic resonance, beyond biventricular volumes, strain, and ejection fraction allows to characterize myocardial tissue providing information regarding edema, hyperemia, and fibrosis. Contemporary cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) can not only be extremely important for the assessment of coronary arteries, pulmonary arteries and aorta but also tissue characterization using CCTA can be an additional tool that can explain chest pain with a diagnosis of myocarditis.
Reference: Multimodality imaging in acute myocarditis. Muscogiuri G, Guaricci AI, Cau R, Saba L, Senatieri A, Chierchia G, Pontone G, Volpato V, Palmisano A, Esposito A, Basile P, Marra P, D'angelo T, Booz C, Rabbat M, Sironi S. J Clin Ultrasound. 2022 Oct;50(8):1097-1109.