Staphylococcus aureus (S aureus) has been extensively studied as causative microorganism of surgical prosthetic-valve infective endocarditis (IE). However, scarce evidence exists on S aureus IE after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
SA-IE represented ∼ 25% of IE cases after TAVR and was associated with a very high in-hospital and late mortality. The presence of some features determined a higher likelihood of SA-IE and could help to orientate early antibiotic regimen selection. Surgery at index SA-IE was associated with improved outcomes, and its role should be evaluated in future studies.
Infective Endocarditis Caused by Staphylococcus Aureus after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement. Val DD, Abdel-Wahab M, Mangner N, Durand E, Ihlemann N, Urena M, Pellegrini C, Giannini F, Gasior T, Wojakowski W, Landt M, Auffret V, Sinning JM, Cheema AN, Nombela-Franco L, Chamandi C, Campelo-Parada F, Munoz-Garcia E, Herrmann HC, Testa L, Won-Keun K, Castillo JC, Alperi A, Tchetche D, Bartorelli AL, Kapadia S, Stortecky S, Amat-Santos I, Wijeysundera HC, Lisko J, Gutiérrez-Ibanes E, Serra V, Salido L, Alkhodair A, Vendramin I, Chakravarty T, Lerakis S, Vilalta V, Regueiro A, Romaguera R, Kappert U, Barbanti M, Masson JB, Maes F, Fiorina C, Miceli A, Kodali S, Ribeiro HB, Mangione JA, Sandoli de Brito F Jr, Actis Dato GM, Rosato F, Ferreira MC, Corriea de Lima V, Colafranceschi AS, Abizaid A, Marino MA, Esteves V, Andrea J, Godinho RR, Alfonso F, Eltchaninoff H, Søndergaard L, Himbert D, Husser O, Latib A, Le Breton H, Servoz C, Pascual I, Siddiqui S, Olivares P, Hernandez-Antolin R, Webb JG, Sponga S, Makkar R, Kini AS, Boukhris M, Gervais P, Linke A, Crusius L, Holzhey D, Rodés-Cabau J. Can J Cardiol. 2021 Oct 21:S0828-282X(21)00804-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2021.10.004