Recent clinical and demographical studies on COVID-19 patients have demonstrated that men experience worse outcomes than women. However, in most cases, the data were not stratified according to gender, limiting the understanding of the real impact of gender on outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the disaggregated in-hospital outcomes and explore the possible interactions between gender and cardiovascular calcifications.
The hidden interplay between sex and COVID-19 mortality: the role of cardiovascular calcification. Cereda A, Toselli M, Palmisano A, Vignale D, Leone R, Nicoletti V, Gnasso C, Mangieri A, Khokhar A, Campo G, Scoccia A, Bertini M, Loffi M, Sergio P, Andreini D, Pontone G, Iannopollo G, Nannini T, Ippolito D, Bellani G, Patelli G, Besana F, Vignali L, Sverzellati N, Iannaccone M, Vaudano PG, Sangiorgi GM, Turchio P, Monello A, Tumminello G, Maggioni AP, Rapezzi C, Colombo A, Giannini F, Esposito A. Geroscience. 2021 Jul 14. doi: 10.1007/s11357-021-00409-y