Aim of this study was to identify causal pathophysiological mechanisms for atherosclerosis and incident cardiovascular events using protein measurements. Carotid artery atherosclerosis was assessed by ultrasound, and 86 cardiovascular-related proteins were measured using the Olink CVD-I panel in 7 Swedish prospective studies (11 754 individuals). The proteins were analyzed in relation to intima-media thickness in the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA), plaque occurrence, and incident cardiovascular events (composite end point of myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke) using a discovery/replication approach in different studies.
Lind L, Gigante B, Borné Y, Feldreich T, Leppert J, Hedberg P, Östgren CJ, Nyström FH, Sundström J, Ärnlöv J, Baldassarre D, Tremoli E, Veglia F, Hamsten A, O'Donnell CJ, Franceschini N, Orho-Melander M, Nilsson J, Melander O, Engström G, Mälarstig A. Plasma Protein Profile of Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis and Atherosclerotic Outcomes: Meta-Analyses and Mendelian Randomization Analyses. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2021 Mar 4;ATVBAHA120315597.doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.120.315597