Ventilation vs. carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 ) is among the strongest cardiopulmonary exercise testing prognostic parameters in heart failure (HF). It is usually reported as an absolute value. The current definition of normal VE/VCO2 slope values is inadequate, since it was built from small groups of subjects with a particularly limited number of women and elderly. We aimed to define VE/VCO2 slope prediction formulas in a sizable population and to test whether the prognostic power of VE/VCO2 slope in HF was different if expressed as a percentage of the predicted value or as an absolute value.
Salvioni E, Corrà U, Piepoli M, Rovai S, Correale M, Paolillo S, Pasquali M, Magrì D, Vitale G, Fusini L, Mapelli M, Vignati C, Lagioia R, Raimondo R, Sinagra G, Boggio F, Cangiano L, Gallo G, Magini A, Contini M, Palermo P, Apostolo A, Pezzuto B, Bonomi A, Scardovi AB, Filardi PP, Limongelli G, Metra M, Scrutinio D, Emdin M, Piccioli L, Lombardi C, Cattadori G, Parati G, Caravita S, Re F, Cicoira M, Frigerio M, Clemenza F, Bussotti M, Battaia E, Guazzi M, Bandera F, Badagliacca R, Di Lenarda A, Pacileo G, Passino C, Sciomer S, Ambrosio G, Agostoni P; MECKI score research group. Gender and age normalization and ventilation efficiency during exercise in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. ESC Heart Fail 2020 Jan 1. doi: 10.1002/ehf2.12582