Pre-existing atrial fibrillation (AF) is common among patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and has been associated with adverse outcomes. The specific impact of AF at baseline in women who underwent TAVI, however, remains unknown.
The Women's International Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation is a prospective, multinational registry evaluating the safety and performance of contemporary TAVI in women in 19 centers between January 2013 and December 2015.
Of the 993 women with available baseline electrocardiogram included in the study, 200 (20.1%) presented with AF. Patients with AF at baseline had higher Euroscore I score values and more frequently had chronic kidney disease or prior stroke. Patients without AF more frequently had coronary artery disease. In multivariate analysis, AF at baseline was associated with an increase of all-cause (p = 0.013) and cardiovascular death (p = 0.006).