Practical recommendations on non-pharmacological non-device/surgical interventions in patients with heart failure (HF) are well known. Although complementary treatments may have beneficial effects, there is no evidence that these on their own improve mortality, morbidity or quality of life.
In a multicenter controlled trial, one hundred fifty-nine patients with HF were randomized on a 1:1 basis in 2 groups: experimental (music) and control, to examine the effects of listening to recorded classical music on HF-specific quality of life (QOL), generic QOL, sleep quality, anxiety, depression, and cognitive state in patients with HF in the home-care setting.
On average, patients in the music group showed greater improvements in terms of HF-specific QOL (P < .001), generic-QOL (P = .005), quality of sleep (P = .007), anxiety and depression levels (P < .001 for both), and cognitive performances (P = .003), leading the authors to conclude that listening to recorded classical music could be a feasible, noninvasive, safe, and inexpensive intervention, able to improve QOL in patients with HF in the home-care setting.
1. Burrai F, Sanna GD, Moccia E, Morlando F, Cosentino ER, Bui V, Micheluzzi V, Borghi C, Parodi G. Beneficial effects of listening to classical music in patients with heart failure: a randomized controlled trial. J Card Fail 2019 Dec 23. pii: S1071-9164(19)31444-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2019.12.005 Go to PubMed