Practical recommendations on non-pharmacological non-device/surgical interventions in patients with heart failure (HF) are well known. Although complementary treatments may have beneficial effects, there is no evidence that these on their own improve mortality, morbidity or quality of life. We examined the effects of listening to recorded classical music on HF-specific quality of life (QOL), generic QOL, sleep quality, anxiety, depression, and cognitive state in patients with HF in the home-care setting.
Burrai F, Sanna GD, Moccia E, Morlando F, Cosentino ER, Bui V, Micheluzzi V, Borghi C, Parodi G. Beneficial effects of listening to classical music in patients with heart failure: a randomized controlled trial. J Card Fail 2019 Dec 23. pii: S1071-9164(19)31444-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2019.12.005