Background Catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with less favorable outcomes than for paroxysmal AF. Substrate modification is often added to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) to try to improve success rates. Recent studies have shown improved clinical outcomes with use of regional ablation index (AI) targets for PVI. We hypothesized that prospective use of AI-guided PVI in persistent AF patients would result in a low rate of PV reconnection at repeat electrophysiology study and that a high success rate can be achieved with durable PVI alone.
Hussein A, Das M, Riva S, Morgan M, Ronayne C, Sahni A, Shaw M, Todd D, Hall M, Modi S, Natale A, Dello Russo A, Snowdon R, Gupta D. Use of Ablation Index-Guided Ablation Results in High Rates of Durable Pulmonary Vein Isolation and Freedom From Arrhythmia in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Patients. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2018 Sep;11(9):e006576. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.118.006576.