Recent studies demonstrated a significant improvement in the diagnostic performance of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) for the evaluation of in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, coronary stent assessment is still challenging, especially because of beam-hardening artifacts due to metallic stent struts and high atherosclerotic burden of non-stented segments. Adenosine-stress myocardial perfusion assessed by CT (CTP) recently demonstrated to be a feasible and accurate tool for evaluating the functional significance of coronary stenoses in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Yet, scarce data are available on the performance of CTP in patients with previous stent implantation.
We aim to assess the diagnostic performance of CCTA alone, CTP alone and CCTA plus CTP performed with a new scanner generation using quantitative invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) as standard of reference.
Andreini D, Mushtaq S, Pontone G, Conte E, Sonck J, Collet C, Guglielmo M, Baggiano A, Trabattoni D, Galli S, Montorsi P, Ferrari C, Fabbiocchi F, De Martini S, Annoni A, Mancini ME, Formenti A, Magatelli M, Resta M, Consiglio E, Muscogiuri G, Fiorentini C, Bartorelli AL, Pepi M. Rationale and design of advantage (additional diagnostic value of CT perfusion over coronary CT angiography in stented patients with suspected in-stent restenosis or coronary artery disease progression) prospective study. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Jun 18. pii: S1934-5925(18)30207-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2018.06.003. [Epub ahead of print]