QT-interval evaluation in primary percutaneous coronary intervention of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction for prediction of myocardial salvage index

PLoS One

12 February Feb 2018 8 months ago
  • Andreini D, Marenzi G, Bartorelli A, Pepi M, Pontone G

Assessing the efficacy of revascularization therapy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is extremely important in order to guide subsequent management and assess prognosis. We aimed to determine the relationship between corrected QT-interval (QTc) changes on standard sequential ECG and myocardial salvage index in anterior STEMI patients after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Fifty anterior STEMI patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention underwent quantitative ECG analysis and cardiac magnetic resonance. For each patient the difference (ΔQTc) between the QTc of ischemic myocardium (maximum QTc in anterior leads) versus remote myocardium (minimum QTc in inferior leads) during the first six days after STEMI was measured. The QTc in anterior leads was significantly longer than QTc in inferior leads (p<0.0001). At multivariate analysis, ΔQTC and peak troponin I were the only independent predictors for late gadolium enhancement while ΔQTc and left ventricular ejection fraction were independent predictors of myocardial salvage index <60%. The receiver operative curve of ΔQTc showed an area under the curve of 0.77 to predict a myocardial salvage index <0.6. In conclusion, in a subset of patients with a first occurrence of early revascularized anterior STEMI, ΔQTc is inversely correlated with CMR-derived myocardial salvage index and may represent a useful parameter for assessing efficacy of reperfusion therapy.

Reference
Guaricci AI, Carità P, Lorenzoni V, Casavecchia G, Rabbat M, Ieva R, Brunetti ND, Andreini D, Di Biase M, Marenzi G, Bartorelli A, Pepi M, Pontone G. QT-interval evaluation in primary percutaneous coronary intervention of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction for prediction of myocardial salvage index. PLoS One 2018 Feb 8;13(2):e0192220

Go to PubMed