Perioperative bleeding is a determinant of poor outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), but there is a lack of adequate stratification of its severity.
The ability of several study and register of bleeding classifications to predict early mortality, stroke, acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 3, and deep sternal wound infection/mediastinitis was investigated in 3,730 patients from the prospective, multicentre E-CABG registry.
The authors used for the purpose the following studies and registries:
- European registry of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (E-CABG);
- Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding (UDPB);
- Study of Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes (PLATO);
- Clopidogrel and Aspirin Optimal Dose Usage to Reduce Recurrent Events-Seventh Organization to Assess Strategies in Ischemic Syndromes (CURRENT-OASIS 7);
- Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin in Non-Q Wave Coronary Events (ESSENCE);
- SafeTy and Efficacy of Enoxaparin in Percutaneous coronary intervention patients, an internationaL randomized Evaluation (STEEPLE).
Increasing grades of the E-CABG, UDPB, PLATO, and CURRENT-OASIS 7 classifications were associated with increasing risks of early mortality, had similar receiver-operating characteristic area under the curves (>0.7), and were predictive also when adjusted for EuroSCORE II. The STEEPLE and ESSENCE classifications had a poor ability of predicting all these adverse events. Decision curve analysis showed that the E-CABG bleeding classification had the best predictive performance.
- Brascia D, Reichart D, Onorati F, Perrotti A, Ruggieri VG, Bounader K, Verhoye JP, Santarpino G, Fischlein T, Maselli D, Dominici C, Mariscalco G, Gherli R, Rubino AS, De Feo M, Bancone C, Gatti G, Santini F, Dalén M, Saccocci M, Faggian G, Tauriainen T, Kinnunen EM, Nicolini F, Gherli T, Rosato S, Biancari F. Validation of Bleeding Classifications in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Am J Cardiol 2016 Dec 3 [Epub ahead of print] Go to PubMed