The chemokine receptor CXCR4 plays a key role in the bone marrow microenvironment maintenance and in the hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells migration. In addition, CXCR4 is expressed in a broad spectrum of solid tumors where its methylation state has been recently proposed as a biomarker for cancer prognosis.
To evaluate methylation status of CXCR4 promoter the Authors developed a sensitive, accurate, specific and cost-effective two-step PCR method that does not require any specific equipment other than a conventional real-time PCR instrument.
The principle of the technique relies on a novel normalization strategy which allows the detection and quantification of small methylation differences among pre-amplified DNA samples deriving from low amount of starting material. In addition, the analysis of melting curve profiles of PCR products provides additional information about the methylation status of CpG sites in between the primers. Finally, the principle of this technique can potentially be adapted for the investigation of the methylation status of any other DNA region.
- Bianchessi V, Lauri A, Vigorelli V, Toia M, Vinci MC. Evaluating the methylation status of CXCR4 promoter: A cost-effective and sensitive two-step PCR method. Anal Biochem 2016 Dec 19 [Epub ahead of print] Go to PubMed