The recruitment of bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitor cells to the lung is related to pulmonary remodelling and the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). Although sildenafil is a known target in PH treatment, the underlying molecular mechanism is still elusive.
To test the hypothesis that the therapeutic effect of sildenafil is linked to the reduced recruitment of BM-derived progenitor cells, the Authors induced pulmonary remodelling in rats by two-week exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH, 10% oxygen), a trigger of BM-derived progenitor cells.
Findings indicate that the improvement in pulmonary haemodynamic by sildenafil is linked to decreased recruitment of BM-derived c-kit+ cells in the pulmonary tissue. The attenuation of the recruitment of BM-derived c-kit+ cells by sildenafil may provide novel therapeutic insights into the control of pulmonary remodelling.
- Favre S, Gambini E, Nigro P, Scopece A, Bianciardi P, Caretti A, Pompilio G, Corno AF, Vassalli G, von Segesser LK, Samaja M, Milano G. Sildenafil attenuates hypoxic pulmonary remodelling by inhibiting bone marrow progenitor cells. J Cell Mol Med 2016 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print] Go to PubMed